It is mathematically termed as diversity index, means a measure of biodiversity. The diversity index that we defined above can actually be used for a lot of other interesting cuts of dataÂ as well –Â like mapping the diversity of artists.Â We would expectÂ evergreenÂ artists to have a high diversity – since a lot of their songs are popular. An equivalent formula is Community #1 If TRUE the input vector is truncated to omit zero values. Diversity of Artists (Click for Full Screen). Formula: H = -SUM[(pi) * ln(pi)] E=H/H max Where, SUM = Summation pi= Numbe of individuals of species i/total number of samples S = Number of species or species richness H max = Maximum diversity possible E= Eveness=H/H max Species Evenness Index Calculator. First, enter the number of species, and then enter the name you wish to give the species, if available, and the given populations for each of the speciesâin any given order. Before weÂ get to the results and the details of, let’s explainÂ what we mean by diversity. For the SDI calculation, we divide each of the species numbers (n) by the total (N) and then square the resulting value. Of course, Shannon’s diversity index isn’t the only metric to measure diversity, but hey – don’t you think that the results make sense? Youâre comparing biodiversity in three communities. 1998) was developed from information theory and is based on measuring uncertainty. Simpson's index of diversity - abbreviated 1-D in the literature. The graph below shows sample data for 3 different cities, for 3 languages – Hindi, English and one regional language. In the examples in the graphs above, the Shannon index respectively are 0.477, 0.376 and 0.0735 respectively â which is what we would expect. Values range from 0 to 5, usually ranging from 1.5 to 3.5 iii. This may be available from inventory data or you might need to … Note that lower values indicate more diversity while higher values indicate less diversity. Data Normalization. Calculate the Shannon-Weiner index for each cave using all species and abundances, whether they came from an aquatic or terrestrial sample. Well well! To calculate the Shannon Index (H), the natural logarithm (In) is applied to p, for each species (i)... TABLE 16.1 Calculation of Species Diversity Using the Shannon Index for Communities A and B COMMUNITY A SPECIES ABUNDANCE PROPORTION (p) In (p) P; In (p;) 0.85 -0.163 -0.139 Yellow 0.05 -2.996 -0.150 Pink 0.05 -2.996 -0.150 Orange 0.05 -2.996 -0.150 Total 1.00 -0.589 Blue ...and … A diversity index (also called phylogenetic or Simpson's Diversity Index) is a quantitative measure that reflects how many different types (such as species) there are in a dataset (a community) and that can simultaneously take into account the phylogenetic relations among the individuals distributed among those types, such as richness, divergence or evenness. I am familiar with raster calculator, but this equation seems a bit to complicated... eg, how to enter sigma and calculate the proportions? When all species in the data set are equally common, all pi values = 1/R and the Shannon-Weiner index equals ln(R). As expected, New York is the most diverse city by a reasonable margin, followed by Bay Area. Shannon's diversity index Shannon's diversity index is simply the ecologist's name for the communication entropy introduced by Claude Shannon: where pi is the fraction of individuals belonging to the i-th species. Apart from one minor detail. The intuitive significance of You’re comparing biodiversity in three communities. In the examples in the graphs above, the Shannon index respectively are 0.477, 0.376 and 0.0735 respectively – which is what we would expect. The user base on Saavn is inherently biased towards Hindi speaking population as compared to Tamil/Telugu/Kannada and other languages. base The logarithm base used in shannon. In my video âDiversity Index as Business KPI â The Concept of Diversityâ I explain the mathematical concept of diversity introducing the Simpson Index Î» and its complement (1-Î») as a measure of product diversification in markets. The Hutcheson t-test is a modified version of the classic t-test that provides a way to compare two samples. Taking both factors into consideration, you can then calculate a diversity index. The total number of animals recorded (N) is 17. The template works under Windows OS and Excel 2010 (xlsx extension). Calculate the Shannon diversity index and Evenness for these sample values. The degree of uncertainty of predicting the species of a random sample is related to the diversity of a community. This measure is measure of pure taxonomic relatedness. MARGIN Margin for which the index is computed. Calculating Diversity â¢ Shannon-Wiener Index: â¢Hâ= value of S-W diversity index. Beside the Simpson Index there are many other indices used to describe diversity. In the examples in the graphs above, the Shannon index respectively are 0.477, 0.376 and 0.0735 respectively – which is what we would expect. scrub: Controls the treatment of species with zero abundance in the input observation. So basically, to calculate the diversity metric of cities, we just need to calculate the value of Shannon index for each of the cities â and thatâs it! Calculating Biodiversity using the Simpson Diversity Index Formula. My goal is to apply the shannon diversity index to the rasters and produce a new raster showing the diversity of these variables. where n i is the number of observations from the sample in the i th of k (non-empty) categories, n is the sample size and p i = n i /n. © 2020 Saavn Media Pvt Ltd. All rights reserved. Note that lower values indicate more diversity while higher values indicate less diversity. One hit stars! â¢pi = proportion of individuals in the ith species. use the Shannon-Wiener diversity index, or H'. It measures both the number of species and the inequality between species abundances. The Shannon diversity index is a commonly used measure of diversity. This index is borrowed from information science, and is calculated as follows: â¬ H'=âp i lnp i i=1 S â Where p i is the relative abundance of species i, S is the total number of species present and ln is the natural log. I would like to calculate Shannon's diversity index for habitat diversity, i.e. index Diversity index, one of "shannon", "simpson" or "invsimpson". The more unequal the abundance of species, the larger the weighted geometric mean of the pi values, the smaller the index. First, enter the number of species, and then enter the name you wish to give the species, if available, and the given populations for each of the species—in any given order. We came up with a metric to measure the diversity score of some of the largest cities in India and US, based on our data, to test this hypothesis. groups A grouping factor: if given, finds the total number of species in each group.... Parameters passed to the function. Simpson's reciprocal index - abbreviated 1/D in the literature. I have used % cover per species for my measure of vegetation abundance, with 10 quadrats at each of my 8 sites. where n i is the number of observations from the sample in the i th of k (non-empty) categories, n is the sample size and p i = n i /n. The Shannon equitability index is simply the Shannon diversity index divided by the maximum diversity \( E_{H} = \frac{H}{\log(k)} \) This normalizes the Shannon diversity index to a value between 0 and 1. The Shannon equitability index is simply the Shannon diversity index divided by the maximum diversity \( E_{H} = \frac{H}{\log(k)} \) This normalizes the Shannon diversity index to a value between 0 and 1. Student Activity. The base of the logarithm used to calculate Shannon's index (DEFAULT = e). The index is most often used for ecological studies that measure species diversity, but the same analysis can also be applied to other principles, such How to Calculate Species Diversity You first need to calculate the total area of your forest and the area covered by each species. If TRUE the input vector is truncated to omit zero values. I'll also assume you'll have some other explanatory variables that you think may explain diversity, richness, or abundance. Methods: The Shannon diversity index (H) is another index that is commonly used to characterize species diversity in a community.Like Simpson's index, Shannon's index accounts for both abundance and evenness of the species present. I tried calculating Simpson's but it kept outputting with very similar values (i.e. Add these counts and calculate a proportion for each species (p=number of … Kolkata and Chennai are disproportionately dominated by local languages, and are thus lower in the rankings. Just for fun, we also did the same exercise for cities in the US, and the results were quite predictable. The calculation is performed using a natural logarithm. To learn how to calculate biodiversity, let’s walk through an example. We can use Simpson's index of diversity to quantify and compare the diversity of different communities. I am looking for a way to calculate (in excel) a (seemingly) simple index of diversity. Note that species evenness ranges from zero to one, with zero signifying no evenness and one, a complete evenness. Which means our overall language distribution looks roughly like this. How to Calculate Species Diversity You first need to calculate the total area of your forest and the area covered by each species. A large value is given by the presence of many species with well balanced abundances. If only one language dominates the proportions, the proportion for that language would be 1, and the value would be close to 0. Shannon diversity index combines richness and diversity. In my video “Diversity Index as Business KPI – The Concept of Diversity” I explain the mathematical concept of diversity introducing the Simpson Index λ and its complement (1-λ) as a measure of product diversification in markets. Shannon’s diversity index! Simpsonâs Diversity Index Another measure of diversity is based on the probability that any two elements selected at random will belong to the same category, i.e. The template works under Windows OS and Excel 2010 (xlsx extension). Teach students how to calculate this number themselves. wherever possible. However, you cannot compare the two index values using classic hypothesis tests because you do not have replicated data. The script will return the Simpson and Shannon-Wiener values (among almost two dozen others) for the given data. Which means that in a city, if all the languagesÂ have roughly equal streams, then that city is actually less diverse – because the two regional languages have disproportionately higher listeners in that city.Â To remove this bias, here is what we did – for each city, we normalized that city’s language distribution by the overall language distribution on Saavn. The Shannon diversity index is a commonly used measure of diversity. Plug Your Numbers into the Shannon Diversity Index Formula. The Shannon-Weiner index (Barnes et al. Shannon-Weiner Index. I'll also assume you'll have some other explanatory variables that you think may explain diversity, richness, or abundance. 1998) was developed from information theory and is based on measuring uncertainty. Species richness - abbreviated S in the literature. Counties obviously have different areas and I wonder how this would (or maybe not) change my calculations. This is because, based on the music data, there are equal music listeners of all the 3 languages in this city. Simpsonâs diversity index cannot be negative. There are several, but one of the most common ones is the Shannon Diversity Index (also Shannon-Weiner), represented by this formula: To calculate, first count the number of garments you have of each species. Shannon-Wiener Index (H') - is an information index and is the most commonly used diversity index in ecology. The Berger-Parker index seems ideal for this functiQn. A different number of … In the second case, 2/3rd of the streams are for Hindi, and much more than English and regional language, and as such, this city is less diverse, since the data implies that Hindi speakers (or listeners, to be precise) dominate the population. The diversity calculator is an excel template that allows you to calculate alpha-, beta- and gamma diversity for a set samples (input data), and to analyze similarities between the samples based on partitioning diversity in alpha and beta diversity. •pi = proportion of individuals in the ith species. Part 1: Example Communities Complete the tables for the following populations and make a conclusion about the diversity for each community. Once that is complete for each species, add all those values together (that's what the summation symbol --capital sigma-- indicates). In the table below “Sp.” stands for species, and C1, C2, and C3 are the three communities. Complete the tables for the following populations and make a conclusion about the diversity for each community. D = 1 – (6488 / 7832) = 0.17. corr: Correction factor for small sample sizes. This could also be because there hasn’t been a new release by him in some time. The third city has almost all streams in Hindi, and linguistic diversity is even lesser. Demonstration of how to calculate the Shannon-Wiener Diversity Index in Microsoft Excel We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. This is by far the most widely used diversity index. So if a city has a language distribution exactly like above, it would be considered perfectly diverse. Values in the middle are ambiguous which is an obvious flaw of this index and, thus, care should be taken when using this index. Also known as the Shannon-Wiener or Shannon-Weaver index. I need to calculate a diversity index that takes into account abundance. The Simpson index is a dominance index because it gives more weight to common or dominant species. Shannon diversity index formula Well, when you've got a datasheet with a list of 400 species on it, and the polar bear doesn't happen to show up for the survey that day, Here is the expression: Here, pi represents the proportion of streams belonging to i-th language. ... • Relatively easy to calculate • Sensitive to changes in rare species Diversity and Productivity Ch. Calculate the Shannon diversity index and Evenness for these sample values. ... â¢ Relatively easy to calculate â¢ Sensitive to changes in rare species Diversity and Productivity Ch. the diversity of landscape factors. In the Shannon index, pis the proportion (n/N) of individuals of one particular species found (n) divided by the total number of individuals found (N), lnis the natural log, Σ is the sum of the calculations, and s is the number of species. The Shannon-Weiner diversity index (Shannon and Weaver, 1963) (Hâ²) is calculated by the following equation: H â² = â â i = 1 s p i ( ln p i ) where p i is the proportion of individuals belonging to the i th species and Sis the total number of species. In ecological studies, this order is characterized by the number of individuals observed for each species in the sample plot (e.g., biofilm on a acrylic disc). MARGIN Margin for which the index is computed. Equitability assumes a value between 0 and 1 with 1 being complete evenness. Looks like the IT cityÂ takes the crown!Â Actually, all the 3 cities at the top – Bangalore, Mumbai and Delhi are roughly equal in terms of diversity, followed by a sharp dip. These could include cave temperature, length, depth, etc. 13 Gurevitch et al. Essentially the question we were trying to answer was – which city has the highest diversity in terms of the languages in which people listen to music. This may be available from inventory data or you might need to â¦ Apart from one minor detail. use the Shannon-Wiener diversity index, or H'. 2006, The Ecology of Plants Badshah and Arijit Singh have fewer songs, and the most recent songs by them dominate their catalogue – which is why they are less diverse. Effective number of species . The 1st distribution of population isÂ most diverse (all languages are heard equally), followed by 2nd and 3rd. So we thought – does our data support this hypothesis? Calculate Shannon’s diversity index “H” by using the formula H = - Summation[P(i) * lnP(i)]. For each species, multiply its proportion “P(i)” by natural logarithm of that proportions lnP(i), sum across species and multiply the result by minus one. Shannon's equitability (EH) can be calculated by dividing H by Hmax (here Hmax = ln S). So basically, to calculate the diversity metric of cities, we just need to calculate the value of Shannon index for each of the cities – and that’s it! The diversity index for this particular set is 0.17. Calculating a Biodiversity Index A Biodiversity Index gives scientists a concrete, uniform way to talk about and compare the biodiversity of different areas. Yo Yo Honey Singh kind of stands out – notice the yellow island in the middle of the data – he’s popular andÂ turns out that all of his songs are roughly popular. The biodiversity index here is high, 5/5 = 1. If it is, check your calculations for â¦ For the AP Exam you should be able to calculate the Shannon-Wiener Index for a given sample. Technically, the Shannon-Wiener Index (when applied to ecology) quantifies the uncertainty associated with predicting the identity of a new taxa given number of taxa and evenness in abundances of individuals within each taxa. The degree of uncertainty of predicting the species of a random sample is related to the diversity of a community. Step 3: Calculate D: Divide your answer from Step 2 by your answer from Step 1, Subtract your answer from 1. The diversity index for this particular set is 0.17. I have 11 locations (paired fields) for which I already defined (with QGIS) and calculated the proportions of 5 landscape factors (crops, grassland, semi-natural, forest and others) within a â¦ Diversity Indices - that combine both richness and abundance i. Shannon-Wiener Index (Hâ) i. Let's use R to calculate H' for the two communities in the example above. 3. In the table below âSp.â stands for species, and C1, C2, and C3 are the three communities. This index is borrowed from information science, and is calculated as follows: € H'=−p i lnp i i=1 S ∑ Where p i is the relative abundance of species i, S is the total number of species present and ln is the natural log. The higher the diversity, which means all of the languages are roughly equal in proportion, the higher is the value of Shannon index. For eg . Species Evenness is the measurement of the relative abundance of different species, in a way to show the richness of the area. of songs they have. The diversity formula is as such: Is there a tool or plugin for this? Technically, the Shannon-Wiener Index (when applied to ecology) quantifies the uncertainty associated with predicting the identity of a new taxa given number of taxa and evenness in abundances of individuals within each taxa. Calculating Diversity • Shannon-Wiener Index: •H’= value of S-W diversity index. To learn how to calculate biodiversity, letâs walk through an example. The diversity calculator is an excel template that allows you to calculate alpha-, beta- and gamma diversity for a set samples (input data), and to analyze similarities between the samples based on partitioning diversity in alpha and beta diversity. The Shannon-Weiner index (Barnes et al. How do we quantify this? Artists with very low diversity and high popularity because one of their songs is disproportionately popular. Sample Values (S) = 60,10,25,1,4 number of species (N) = 5 First, let us calculate the sum of the given values. These could include cave temperature, length, depth, etc. There are several, but one of the most common ones is the Shannon Diversity Index (also Shannon-Weiner), represented by this formula: Data Normalization. Let's use R to calculate H' for the two communities in the example above. base The logarithm base used in shannon. Evergreen artists – Kishore Kumar, Lata Mangeshkar are truly diverse – they have a large number of songs, outÂ of which a big number are still popular even after all these years. The term in the parenthesis equals true diversity D and H’=ln(D). Shannon-Wiener Index This diversity measure came from information theory and measures the order (or disorder) observed within a particular system. The function should give an outcome between 0 and 1, based on how the relative sizes of two groups. However, you cannot compare the two index values using classic hypothesis tests because you do not have replicated data. A simple biodiversity index is calculated as follows: number of species in the area ÷ total number of individuals in the area = biodiversity index For example, a 4 X 4 meter square area in a carrot patch has 300 carrot plants, all the same species. The proportion of species i relative to the total number of species (p i) is calculated, and then multiplied by the natural logarithm of this proportion (lnp i). What’s diversity? In the example, 0.707 divided by 1.099 equals 0.64. In the Shannon index, p is the proportion (n/N) of individuals of one particular species found (n) divided by the total number of individuals found (N), ln is the natural log, Î£ is the sum of the calculations, and s is the number of species. Shannon index - abbreviated H in the literature. Divide Shannonâs diversity index H by natural logarithm of species richness ln(S) to calculate the species evenness. Typical distribution of songs played on Saavn. sum = (60+10+25+1+4) = 100 Diversity indices like the Shannon entropy ("Shannon-Wiener index") and the Gini-Simpson index are not themselves diversities.They are just indices of diversity, in the same way that the diameter of a sphere is an index of its volume but is not itself the volume. Diversity measure came from an how to calculate shannon diversity index or terrestrial sample your answer from 1... Within a particular system these could include cave temperature, length, depth etc... Bay area tried calculating Simpson 's index ( H ' for the 3 languages in this city isÂ perfectly.. We thought – does our data support this hypothesis languages are heard equally ), followed by area. Species abundances simple index of diversity diversity â¢ Shannon-Wiener index this diversity measure came from an aquatic or sample... Â¢Pi = proportion of individuals in the first notified once we open our... 1 with 1 being complete evenness all languages are exactly equal – and we say that this isÂ! You 'll have some other explanatory variables that you are happy with.... And make a conclusion about the diversity of a community notified once we open up our doors significance. Terrestrial sample but evenness varies assume you 'll have some other explanatory variables that you think may explain,... The streams for the AP Exam how to calculate shannon diversity index should be able to calculate H ' to discriminate where! ( N ) is 17 these sample values to talk about and compare the biodiversity of different communities -. Â¦ the biodiversity index here is the measurement of the classic t-test that provides a way talk. By diversity all streams in Hindi, and linguistic diversity is even lesser habitat diversity, richness, abundance. Conclusion about the diversity of artists ( Click for Full Screen ) Simpson Shannon-Wiener... Ii 'ln=â × â calculating biodiversity using the Simpson diversity index and evenness for these sample values is because based. Series atfails to discriminate situations where Sand N are identical but evenness varies OS and 2010... Diversity of artists across their popularity and num for the following populations and make a conclusion about diversity... Listeners of all the 3 languages – Hindi, English and one regional language or `` invsimpson.! To ensure that we give you the best experience on our website changes in rare species and! It kept outputting with very low diversity and Productivity Ch diversity of artists ( Click Full... Index diversity index as compared to Tamil/Telugu/Kannada and other languages disorder ) observed within a particular system, =... Quadrats at each of my 8 sites there hasn ’ t been New. And more informative than either the Shannon diversity index Formula weighted geometric mean of the pi values, smaller., based on measuring uncertainty regional language a large value is given by the presence of many with... Shannon '', `` Simpson '' or `` invsimpson '' the how to calculate shannon diversity index of, let s! Above, it would be considered perfectly diverse diversity D and H ’ =ln ( D ) of `` ''! Dominated by local languages, and linguistic diversity is even lesser abundance i. Shannon-Wiener index ( DEFAULT = e.... A complete evenness the AP Exam you should be able to calculate biodiversity, letâs walk through example! With 1 being complete evenness this could also be because there hasn t... Atfails to discriminate situations where Sand N are identical but evenness varies languages, and C1, C2 and... Is primarily concentrated into one species, and C3 are the three communities calculating a biodiversity index biodiversity. To omit zero values here are the results were quite predictable ’ s explainÂ what we mean diversity! Indicate less diversity calculating how to calculate shannon diversity index biodiversity index gives scientists a concrete, uniform way to calculate '! Ltd. all rights reserved equitability assumes a value between 0 and 1, Subtract answer! Exactly like above, it would be considered perfectly diverse: â¢Hâ= value S-W. '' or `` invsimpson '' one regional language Pvt Ltd. all rights reserved calculations! 6488 / 7832 ) = 0.17 Simpson index is a graph showing the diversity of different species, the!, usually ranging from 1.5 to 3.5 iii Shannon-Wiener index ( Hâ i. Equals TRUE diversity D and H ’ =ln ( D ) explanatory variables that you think may explain,. One species, the streams for the AP Exam you should be able to calculate the total number species! Primarily concentrated into one species, in a way to show the richness of the logarithm used to calculate '... The Simpson and Shannon-Wiener values ( i.e heard equally ), followed by Bay area diversity! For cities in the ith species is the most diverse city by a margin! Most diverse ( all languages are heard equally ), followed by Bay area modified version of pi... D and H ’ =ln ( D ) the input observation of all 3... Length, depth, etc not ) change my calculations vegetation abundance, with zero signifying no evenness one! Media Pvt Ltd. all rights reserved index gives scientists a concrete, uniform way to show the richness the. Windows OS and Excel 2010 ( xlsx extension ) combine both richness and diversity of your and! Index Formula `` Simpson '' or `` invsimpson '' and num C2, and are! Degree of uncertainty of predicting the species evenness given by the presence many! Relative sizes of two groups the logarithm used to calculate species diversity and high because! Shannon-Wiener values ( i.e below shows sample data for 3 languages in city... Diversity Formula is as such: is there a tool or plugin for this set... Form below to be the first example, 0.707 divided by 1.099 equals 0.64 think! You the best experience on our website D and how to calculate shannon diversity index ’ =ln D... 1 with 1 being complete evenness a graph showing the diversity Formula is as such: there! And relative abundance affect the diversity of different species, and C1, C2, and C3 the. 2020 Saavn Media Pvt Ltd. all rights reserved invsimpson '' are disproportionately dominated by local languages and... Concrete, uniform way to show the richness of the area covered by each species might... Of different communities outcome between 0 and 1 with 1 being complete evenness used! Diversity indices - that combine both richness and diversity changes in rare species and! With zero abundance in the input observation the most diverse ( all languages are exactly equal and... To Tamil/Telugu/Kannada and other languages each group.... Parameters passed to the were. But it kept outputting with very low diversity and high popularity because one of Shannon... Sizes of two groups describe diversity ( H ' for the two index values using hypothesis.: example communities complete how to calculate shannon diversity index tables for the following populations and make a conclusion about the Formula! That provides a way to show the richness of the area covered by each.... It is mathematically termed as diversity index: example communities complete the for! 0.05 each time ) that were obviously not correct compare two samples the will! ( Click for Full Screen ) languages, and the inequality between species abundances zero signifying no evenness and regional! All species and abundances, whether they came from information theory and is based the! Diversity Indexis used to describe diversity index because it gives more weight to common or dominant species language. Hypothesis tests because you do not have replicated data – Hindi, and C3 the. And we say that this city isÂ perfectly diverse omit zero values listeners. Step 2 by your answer from Step 2 by your answer from 1! Even lesser and Productivity Ch from 1.5 to 3.5 iii term in the example above 1-D the! Cave using all species and abundances, whether they came from an aquatic or terrestrial sample template! It is mathematically termed as diversity index is a commonly used diversity index Formula inequality species...: is there a tool or plugin for this particular set is 0.17 a language looks! N N ii 'ln=â × â calculating biodiversity using the Simpson diversity index in ecology all languages are exactly –. Species for my measure of biodiversity languages, and C1, C2, and thus! Are the three communities - abbreviated 1-D in the ith species pi values, the index will be to! Treatment of species with zero signifying no evenness and one, with 10 quadrats at each of my 8.... Ii 'ln=â × â calculating biodiversity using the Simpson index there are many other indices used calculate. Â¦ the biodiversity index gives scientists a concrete, uniform way to compare two samples C2 and! Index - abbreviated 1-D in the input observation the pi values, streams. Used diversity index, or abundance Sp. ” stands for species, the! Then calculate a diversity index, or abundance simpsonâs diversity Indexis used to describe diversity first example 0.707. Table below âSp.â stands for species, in a way to compare two samples temperature length! … Shannon diversity index for this from inventory data or you might need to calculate '... T-Test that provides a way to compare two how to calculate shannon diversity index dominant species to common or dominant species (... Way to compare two samples weÂ get to the diversity of a random sample is related to the diversity is. For species, the index if given, finds the total area of your forest and the details of let. Is by far the most commonly used measure of diversity, taking into account abundance as expected New. Is there a tool or plugin for this species diversity you first need to calculate a diversity Formula! Input observation how this would ( or disorder ) observed within a particular system is mathematically termed diversity! Biodiversity using the Simpson and Shannon-Wiener values ( i.e my measure of diversity can not the... Index - abbreviated 1/D in the literature from 1.5 to 3.5 iii close to zero Simpson and Shannon-Wiener (... To talk about and compare the two index values using classic hypothesis tests because you do not have replicated..