Thus, the rodents are densely populated in, irregular and topographic slopes such as rocky, hills (Ortego and Diaz, 2004; Dalbeck and Heg, 2006). Weight Machine Online: Shop for Weighing Machine Online online at best prices in India. the area. ₹ 2,700 Brand new EEF 2003A body analysis scale eagle. Get Eagle EEF2001A Electronic Digital Weighing Scale at incredibly low price of Rs 0 in India from trusted online stores. Recently, collection device such as radio-tracking. Predictive models may be a useful tool in careful planning of new power line routes and the wire-marking of the existing ones. Place your scale on a flat and completely even surface. By analysing the post-site selection of Eagle Owl Bubo bubo breeders and floaters during their nocturnal activity, we found that: (1) territory holders selected more visible and dominant posts than non-territorial floaters; (2) the choice of posts made by floating individuals did not differ between the wandering and stop phases of dispersal; and (3) floating females intruded more frequently than floating males within a breeder's home-range. . {{#query}}Please click search icon to do live search{{/query}}, Best Price as on 14th Dec, 2020 at 3:22:22 pm, EAGLE EEF2001A Smart Digital Body Composition Body Fat Analysis Scale With Blue Backlight LCD Display, Grey, 180 kg, EAGLE EEF2001A Smart Digital Body Composition Body Fat Analysis Scale With Blue Backlight LCD Display, Black, 180 kg, Eagle EEF-2001A Smart Digital Body Fat Analyzer Personal Scale Weighing Scale (Black), Personal with Digital Display | Measures in: gms | Material: Glass | Maximum Weighing Capacity: 20000 g | Tare Function, Eagle EEF-2001A Smart Digital Body Fat Analyzer Personal Scale Weighing Scale (Grey), Personal with Digital Display | Measures in: gms | Material: Glass | Tare Function, EAGLE Electronic Digital Personal Weighing Scale EEP1007A, Eagle EEP-1002A Weighing Scale (Off White), Personal - Digital with Digital Display | Measures in: gms | Material: Glass | Maximum Weighing Capacity: 180000 g | Tare Function, Personal - Digital with Digital Display | Measures in: gms | Material: Glass | Maximum Weighing Capacity: 18000 g | Tare Function, Eagle Electronic Personal Weighing Scale EEP1002A Silver, Eagle PKT-NB1 Digital Pocket Weighing Scale Weighing Scale (Black), No cost EMI available | Pocket with Digital Display | Measures in: gms | Material: Stainless Steel, Plastic | Maximum Weighing Capacity: 600 g, Eagle PKT-40C High Precision Digital Electronic Compact Scale Weighing Scale (Blue), Jewellery with Digital Display | Measures in: gms | Material: Stainless Steel, Plastic | Maximum Weighing Capacity: 600 g, EAGLE Electronic Digital Personal Weighing Scale EEP1007B, DIGITAL WEIGHING SCALE, EAGLE TRADE Top Heavy-Duty Body Weight Electronic Digital Weighing Machine Scale for Human(Black) Weighing Scale (Black), No cost EMI available | Personal - Digital with Digital Display | Measures in: kg, lbs | Material: Glass | Maximum Weighing Capacity: 180 kg, Eagle PKT-101 High Precision Compact Weighing Scale Weighing Scale (Blue), Table Top with Digital Display | Measures in: gms | Material: Stainless Steel, Plastic, Baby with Digital Display | Measures in: gms | Material: Plastic | Maximum Weighing Capacity: 20000 g | Tare Function. It prefers the rocky areas, the forested areas. Results: Topographic irregularity and distance to the nearest stream were included into the models at all scales as the main predictors of the presence of Eagle Owl nests, classifying a high percentage of both random and occupied points. It consists of direct Step-ON technology and Auto ON/OFF feature which makes it easy to use. The methodology used was the usual in this type of studies, ignoring the loose bones and feathers found at the bird's feeding sites in order to avoid underestimating the proportion of small-sized prey (Olsson, 1979; Donázar, 1989). Many studies have suggested that 50% Kernel Density Estimation (KDE) home range commonly represents the core area and the breeding territory (Baghli & Verhagen 2004;Blundell et al. maximowiczii, A. cf. Eagle EEF2001A Electronic Digital Weighing Scale, Health Sense Ultra Lite Personal Weighing Scale, Mezire Stainless Steel Digital Body Weight Bathroom Weighing Scale Weighing Scale, Eagle EEP1003A Electronic Digital Weighing Scale, Gvc Wide Platform with Extra Big Capacity Personal Weighing Scale, Ruhi Stainless Steel Digital Body Weight Bathroom Weighing Scale Weighing Scale, Beurer Luggage weight checker Weighing Scale, Stealodeal High Quality 500gm Jewellery Weighing Scale, Venus Ultra lite Electronic Digital Strong Plastic Body Personal Bathroom Health Fitness Weight with White Back Light Weighing Scale, Nova Ultra Lite Personal Digital Weighing Scale, Weighing Scale, 2 x 3 kv Lithium Cell (Cr2032), Eagle EEF2001A Electronic - Digital Weighing Scale, Warranty of the Product is Limited to Manufacturing Defects Only, Normal Wear and Tear, Warranty Does not Cover any External Accessories (Such as Battery, Plastic Cover), Damage Caused to the Product due to Improper Installation by Customer, Customer Needs to Call the Authorized Service Center. The suitability of the camera trap–retrap method was explored for identifying territories and studying the spatial distribution of leopards (Panthera pardus fusca) in the Jhalana Reserve Forest, Jaipur, India. Aims: To analyze whether habitat preference patterns of the Eagle Owl Bubo bubo change with spatial scale in an area of very high rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus density as compared to an area of lower prey availability (Martínez et al., 2003a). The simulation results are analyzed and compared to the references for accuracy. Additionally, reproductive success declined with elevation; at lower elevations climate was milder and drier, and pairs were breeding earlier in the season. Home ranges varied from minimum 34.8 to maximum 73.6 (MCP), minimum 283.5 to maximum 307.1 ha (KDE 95%), and minimum 82.9 to maximum 103.3 ha (KDE 50%) for males, females and juveniles. and the breeding period according to the type of habitat. Öst et al. In some parts of the Mediterranean basin, including our study area, the reduction of open landscapes took place at the same time as a rapid decline in rabbits as a result of myxomatosis. Raptors were assigned to 1 of 2 groups based on the presence or absence of military training activity in the bird's home range. The greater part of the authors that have addressed the subject go no further than to mention the bird's capacity to eat carrion (Frey, 1973; Cug-nasse, 1983; Orsini, 1985; Défontaines, 1993). Home range were 39.1, which is distributed globally in the Palearctic regions and in, North Africa. Location: An area of over 2,100 km2 located in the province of Toledo, central Spain. A significant positive correlation was found between territorial turnover rates and the risk ascribed to transmission lines with earth wires in 15 breeding territories. Table 1 shows the frequency of appearance and the contribution in biomass of each prey in the diet of these two pairs. Analysis of home ranges used a SHP File and ArcGIS 9.0 for GIS, and used a Kernel Density Estimation (KDE) and Minimum Convex Polygon (MCP) for analysis. Eagle Owls preferred to settle in areas linked with watercourses and with more irregular topography (physiographic gradient) and cover of dehesas and Mediterranean forests (vegetation gradient), whereas they avoided sources of human disturbances (human use gradient). Therefore, the result of. Two terms (X and Y2) of the cubic equation witch defined the spatial distribution of the nest and random points entered into all the models as relevant factors. The possible effect of the spatial autocorrelation was assessed using as additional predictors all the terms of a cubic equation defined by the coordinates of the sampling points. Eurasian Eagle Owl inhabits the areas w, the irregular terrain adjacent to open ar, constant slope, or the areas without artificial disturbance, factors, rather than densely forested areas (, 1999; Ortego, 2007). The scale will calibrate and display a series of dashes. Location of study site (HH: Hapdeok-eup Hopdeok-ri, Dangjin; HD: Hapdeok-eup Daejeon-ri, Dangjin; YB: Yesan-gun Bongsanmyeon; GN: Geumsan-gun Namil-myeon). © 2010 The Authors. . Radiation and genetic attenuation of Plasmodium sporozoites are two approaches for whole-organism vaccines that protect against malaria. The contribu-tion in biomass of Gallus increased notably in winter and spring, while it decreased in sum-mer and autumn (25.5% vs. 6.9%, Yates co-rrected c 2. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Conclusion: No hierarchical patterns of habitat preference were detected, contrasting with results from a previous study carried out in an area of lower rabbit abundance (Martínez et al., 2003a). The resulting galaxies are in good agreement with observations of the star formation rate, passive fraction, Tully-Fischer relation, total stellar At the 500 meters of radius scale the model included marginally the positive selection of areas with high covers of dehesa, a variable that may be interpreted in the same way that the selection for the two main predictors. Overall, these results suggest that habitat preferences are adaptive in the Eagle Owl study population and conservation policies should be focused on protecting preferred habitats. T8785 had been tracked for 237 days from. A simulation of the entire nanowire array would be memory intensive, so the periodic structure of the array is leveraged to obtain a unit cell with periodic boundary conditions. An interpolation of the reproductive potential in the Eifel showed areas of high reproductive value for Eagle Owls, predominantly in low altitude areas. However, for seven females, we observed familial home-range overlaps wherein daughters established home ranges adjacent to or overlapping their natal areas. Stable isotope analysis of fossil materials has become an increasingly important method for gathering dietary and environmental information from extinct species in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. In, Eurasian Eagle Owl which has nocturnal activity, the core areas are the range of organism’, considering the ecological characteristics and using patterns, When it comes to the selection of habitat, Eurasian Eagle, Owl is affected by the availability of food r, density of available food within the habitat. We radiotracked 39 fledglings of the Tengmalm's owl (Aegolius funereus) in two years with different availability of prey: 2010 (n = 29) and 2011 (n = 10) and obtained 1455 daily locations. Diet analysis suggested that directional selection on fledgling quality could be partially due to better foraging performance in preferred habitats. the basic unit of management. The owls generally foraged various prey in biomass but the mean mass of vertebrate prey used by the Eurasian eagle owls was 503.3g in central Korea. Weights of available categories of mammal prey did not differ among regions. On the other hand, the consumption of poultry by Eagle Owls has been previously observed (Pérez-Mellado, 1980; Real et al., 1985; Papa-georgiou et al., 1993) and, although in most cases the source of this prey is not clear, the bird seems to be able to capture poultry alive in the farm buildings (Willgohs, 1974; D. Serrano, unpubl. Therefore, it is expected that the habitat of, to study further on the home range for divers, characteristics such as the utilization rate, the dis. Hence you are requested to go through the actual store listings in detail before making a purchase. Eagle owl density, nest site structure and composition at the landscape level, diet and fecundity of 35 eagle owl nesting territories was analysed for 27 years. We could not determine the taxa due to uncertainty in a spatial variation of the species ranges during Late Pleistocene and Holocene, a broad variety of the m1 anteroconid shape among medium-sized species of voles, and supposed presence “archaic” and “deviant” morphotypes of m1. Seasonal collection of pellets allowed us to compare the importance of poultry in the diet of pair B throughout the year. ), ring-necked pheasants (Phasianus colchicus), and stripped field mice (Apodemus agrarius), but the ring-necked pheasant was most important in biomass in both habitat types. The first part of this paper provides advice on buying or building equipment, on attaching transmitters to raptors and on field techniques. All of these factors reduced the foraging efficiency of the owls. No rocky or cliffy areas which could, be used as breeding places within the research sites wer, observed. The main factor causing these differences between years was probably the different availability of prey in these two years, affecting breeding success and post-fledging survivorship of the Tengmalm's owls. I tested the hypothesis that nest-site habitat preferences are adaptive in an Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo) population from Central Spain. These owls also differed markedly in the mean weight of mammal prey in their diet. Individual home range size and duration of PFDP in particular were dependent on maximal number of siblings seen outside the nest box. 2000; Power line casualties are considered one of the main causes of mortality in the endangered Bonelli home range use, being reduced in kernel 80%, kernel 95% and MCP respectively to 0.421, 0.114 and 0.032 times in comparison to risk associated to the 50% kernel area. Hattie found that the average effect size of all the interventions he studied was 0.40. ... "Core area" has been defined as an area of intensive or heaviest regular use within a home range which generally contains lodging and resting areas, shelter and the highest concentration of predictable resources (Burt 1943;Ewer 1968). The payment options available can vary from seller to seller, but a generally they are Cash on Delivery(COD), Credit Card, Debit Card, NetBanking, EMI(Equated monthly Installments) etc. The location c, T7651 had been tracked for 232 days from the release date, (March 7) to the date on which the data transm, days (March 7~July 31). ... Участие птиц дает нам представление об определенной площади (около 27 км 2 для филина; см. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. All individuals were equipped with tail-mount and backpack radio transmitters. Eagle Owls nesting in preferred po-sitions along the physiographic gradient suffered lower clutch loss, probably due to re-duced predation. However, the limitations of the research permit allowed only the use of camera traps to estimate the home ranges. No significant difference was found between home range sizes of males and females. Microclimatic as well as mesoclimatic conditions influenced reproductive success. Data from two years (November 2017 to November 2019, N = 23,208 trap-hours) were used to provide estimates of minimum home-range size and overlap. Please try to rate again. Modeling the risk of collision with power lines in Bonelli's Eagle Hieraaetus fasciatus and its cons... Home-range changes in raptors exposed to increased human activity levels in southeastern Colorado. In forested areas, the Eurasian eagle owls frequently foraged the pheasants and Mandarin ducks (Aix galericulata), but they preferred prey of particular sizes to prey of particular taxa. Eagle Owl by using the radio-tracking. Also, it uses the, species inhabiting the habitat areas as the main f, stable population due to its opportunistic feeding habits to, however; it has opportunistic feeding habits, depending on, the different food sources in diverse habitats. We conducted home-range analysis and estimation, using the minimum convex polygon (MCP) method with geographic information system (GIS) tools. Sympatric Athene and Tyto owls do not closely parallel the dietary trends seen in Bubo. Megha Laxmi Society, Surat Today ₹ 18,000 Fitkit Tredmill. At the mammalian species level, Spanish Bubo were the least diverse and both Chilean and Californian Bubo the most diverse (c2.6 times higher). This study assesses the impact of past changes in landscape and rabbit density on the density and the breeding performance of the eagle owl Bubo Choose from a wide range of Weight Machines Online at We suggest that all metal concentrations in pellets do not negatively affect the reproduction of Eurasian eagle owls, and food supply at Sihwa seems likely more important to breeding success than metal contamination. The average for best price is more or less stable. (2.345 times higher than near urban areas) that were good for hunting, and in cliff areas used for breeding and roosting, where eagles fly at a lower height (the probability of eagles flying at a low height was 1.470 times higher than in forested habitats). OLX provides the best Free Online Classified Advertising in India. Differences in the weights of prey taken by owls apparently reflect differential abundance of local mammals. Isanpur, Ahmedabad Today ₹ 1,200 Dr Physio (USA) Hammer Pro. A Kernel Density Estimation (KDE) was then generated and a Minimum Convex Polygon (MCP) analysis was performed to delineate home range boundaries. However, Sihwa had the greatest nesting success and number of fledglings (per hatchlings and laid egg) and highest mean weight of diet. 2). analysis of the rest four individuals, except for T5163, The result of this study indicated that the home range of, Eurasian Eagle Owl, except for T5163 which moved the, certain place during the daytime (Fig. On the other hand, the individual having the, average area of the habitat which showed the 95% of use, individual which had the smallest home range was T1697, T5163, which showed the broadest home range, had, constantly moved until it was rescued again after, released. We evaluated chemical attenuation of sporozoites as an alternative vaccine strategy. Eagle Owl Bubo bubo has been widely studied, showing the bird's outs-tanding trophic eclecticism in the whole of its distribution range (see reviews by Mikkola, 1983; Cramp, 1985). Pairs settled in preferred habitats produced higher quality fledglings but not more fledglings. Habitat preference models for nesting Eagle Owls Bubo bubo: How much can be inferred from changes with spatial scale? Geometric morphometrics methods were shown the broad variety of the m1 anteroconid shape without strict species-relation, i.e., each tooth shows proper anteroconid shape, which can repeat within limits in populations in and among species. However, few researches. Analysis of virus infected neuroblastema cell culture showed membrane structures identical to vesicular packets found in connection with Dengue virus-and Kunjin virus-replication (Mackenzie and Westaway, 2001, Welsch et al., 2009). 2.1 Galaxy-formation simulations from EAGLE EAGLE1 is a suite of hydrodynamical simulations of the formation of galaxies and supermassive black holes in a CDM universe (Crain et al. oeconomus, A. cf. Finally, the greater occurrence of floating females within breeders' home-ranges can be explained by the fact that female incursions in a breeder's home-range are less risky than male intrusions. From 2001 to 2003 we radio tracked 23 Pipistrellus pipistrellus and 23 Pipistrellus pygmaeus to investigate whether there are any differences in foraging behaviour between the two cryptic species during the summer, and to consider whether any differences between these species are important for their conservation planning. The current paper describes material from Medvezhyi Klyk Cave Late Pleistocene–Holocene deposits that represented mostly by isolated teeth. eEF-1A plays a key role in protein synthesis and controls the first step of elongation of the growing peptide. The decrease of prey, influences the declining fertility rate of Eurasian Eagle Ow, predators which play a significant role in the ecological, indicate an environmental condition, they play a r, developing the ecological information regarding the use, and distribution of habitat and the home ranges. Press the center of the scale with one foot to wake it up. When myxomatosis decimated the rabbit population, owls in the border area switched to other mammals, birds and fish, whereas in the interior, alternative prey were less abundant. We present mock optical images, broad-band and H α fluxes, and D4000 spectral indices for 30 145 galaxies from the eagle hydrodynamical simulation at redshift z = 0.1, modelling dust with the skirt Monte Carlo radiative transfer code. {{#success}}{{success}}{{/success}}{{#error}}{{error}}{{/error}}. We collected data of coordinates from nine captured individuals (three males, three females and three juveniles) in three nesting sites from early April to late June 2010. The Information for 5 Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo). Abstract. In open fields, however, the owls showed opportunistic foraging tactics by selecting many small mammals such as rodents or a few large birds. As social interactions are based on visual and vocal cues, the use of specific sites for sending and/or receiving signals can be a crucial choice in an animal's life. Spanish Bubo had the highest mean value, whereas California Bubo took mammals on average almost 6 times smaller. EEF2001A Smart Digital Body Composition Fat Analysis Scale Your Fitness Partner EAGLE Digital Personal Body Fat Analyzer is a highly multi-functional measuring device that measures Body Hydration, Body Muscle, BMI, Calories and Weight. In cold years pairs were breeding later and reproductive success was lower. Home range were (MCP) and (KDE 95%), (KDE 90%), (KDE 50%). If time scale is inappropriate, it impedes the search for generalities. T5163 had been tracked for, November, 25. Summary: Do Eurasian Eagle Owls Bubo bubo regularly hunt at the burrows of predatory mammals? the population. Globally, chicken carcasses make up 0.4% of the prey (n = 3670) of two out of fourteen Eagle Owl pairs whose diet was determined in the study area (hereafter A and B territories, see also pairs 13 and 14 in Serrano, 1998). bubo, one of the largest predators of Mediterranean ecosystems. They did, however, differ in their diet diversity. Methodological effects cannot be ruled out, however, in either this comparison or in multiscale habitat preference studies in general. In the case of T5163, it was recaptured, on April, 26 and reassigned with the identification num, 3.82% in average (3.49%-4.28%) of the body weight of, on the web. Also, their preying behavior are, Ortego and Diaz, 2004; Dalbeck and Heg, 2006). Re-mains of two chickens were found in pellets from territory A (n = 193), while remains of 12 chickens were identified in the pellets of the owls breeding in territory B (n = 606). analysis using principle component analysis (PCA) were used to analyze complex patterns and correlations in morphometric data from 16 individuals of the Indian Eagle Owl . The, characteristics such as the breeding of ta, target subjects in this study were the individuals that wer, rescued and released. The identification of eEF-1A as a molecular partner binding HOPS in liver and in hepatoma cells shows a specific functional interaction between the two proteins. In territorial species where at least two social groups - breeding birds and non-territorial floaters - are recognized, the diverse tasks associated with territorial ownership can lead territory holders to behave differently from the non-territorial part of. We are aware of the limitations and advantages of camera trapping for long-term monitoring. In particular, decreasing grazing pressure combined with abandonment of agricultural uplands favoured the development of Mediterranean forests with a corresponding reduction of open habitats and landscape diversity. EAGLE simulations are carried out using the modi ed N-Body Tree-PM (Particle Mesh) SPH (Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics) code GADGET 3 (Springel et al.2005b). Location of study site (HH: Hapdeok-eup Hopdeok-ri, Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo) Home Range (Dotted line is MCP and Contours represent. Birds in the experimental group shifted the center of their home range and activity areas farther, increased the size of the area they used, and made extra-home range movements more frequently than control group birds. These findings highlight the fact that two social strategies are possible within the same species, depending on an individual's social status and its related tasks. JavaScript must be enabled for certain features to work. Additional information on the methodology and on the estimation of the biomass of each prey species can be found in Serrano (1998). Get contact details & address of companies manufacturing and supplying Body Fat Analyzer, Fat Analyzer, Body Fat Monitor across India. At the class level of prey selection, Spanish Bubo were most diverse and Colorado Bubo the least (a 3-fold difference) . The benefits of these analyses stem from the geochemical fingerprint that an animal's environment leaves in its bones, teeth, and tissues. the stand scale, i.e. The rescued Bubo bubo had sufficient, released to the place where they had been rescued (, T5163, and T8785). During the 20th century, Mediterranean landscapes underwent extensive changes. Use of farm chicken carcasses by the Eagle owl Bubo bubo, Consequences of Eagle Owl nest-site habitat preference for breeding performance and territory stability, Computational design of photovoltaics with silicon nanowire, Landscape structure and food supply affect eagle owl (Bubo bubo) density and breeding performance: A case of intra-population heterogeneity. Bubo bengalensis. This study analyzes home range size and overlap among three pairs using radio-tracking data during the breeding season in Touran Biosphere Reserve. Based on Kenward, All of the Bubo bubos in this study were matured birds (3, eup, Dangjin; Hapdeok-eup Daejeon-ri, Dangjin; Hwajeon-, Geumsan-gun. Czy puchacze Bubo bubo polują regularnie przy norach ssaków drapieżnych? The PFDP can extend over quite a protracted period, particularly in birds of prey, and a knowledge, Social status can be reflected in many aspects of an individual's behaviour and ecology, including habitat use and conspecific interactions. Body Fat And Hydrating Scales - EEF 2001A Ask Price This digital weighing scale tells you not only your weight but also your body fat. WT-100 weigh 83g. We found that the core areas of males and females, as well as juveniles, were centred on the nests and on food resources availability. The minimum convex polygon method (MCP) is a nonparametric method that estimates the home ranges based on the locations of all the observed positions by creating the smallest convex polygon [52], and is widely used for home-range analysis. 2015; McAlpine et al. from the Deccan Plateau. The morphology and size variation of the first lower teeth (n = 542) were studied. These differences in foraging behaviour support the hypothesis that these species occupy different ecological niches, and conservation planners should be aware of these differences when considering the requirements of pipistrelles in the UK. were rescued by Chungnam Wild Animal Rescue Center, ., 2007), and the breeding behavior (Penteriani, ., 2005; Sin and Baek, 2008). Looks like something went wrong. Other applications have included the use of transmitters with sensors which modulate the radio signal, for telemetry of foraging and incubation behaviour. Except for cadmium (Cd), concentrations of all metals differed among sites (ANOVA, p < 0.001); Sihwa had relatively higher metal concentrations compared with other sites. Fledglings reached independence on average in 45 days after fledging in 2010 (n = 22) and 57 days in 2011 (n = 6). 2016). Habitat features of occupied and random areas were compared by means of logistic regressions for each spatial scale. John Hattie developed a way of synthesizing various influences in different meta-analyses according to their effect size (Cohen’s d). Process integration is a highly effective approach to improving the energy efficiency of large and complex industrial facilities with energy-intensive systems.. CanmetENERGY promotes the use of Pinch Analysis, a process integration technique, as an efficient way to reduce energy consumption in complex industrial processes that use large amounts of energy. The method for the exploration of the research questions is a case study of a systemic school improvement approach, adopted by a metropolitan Catholic school system that influenced student achievement. Lead concentrations in the pellets were generally lower than the excrements of various birds worldwide. Between 1994 and 1998, pellets were collected in fourteen Eagle Owl territo-ries, located between 250 and 550 m above sea level (Serrano, 1998). In the cells, eEF-1A is located predominantly in the cytoplasm. Pleske's Ground Jay Podoces pleskei whose range extends throughout arid and semi-arid open plains of the Iranian plateau, is the only Iranian endemic passerine. This secretive life would help floaters to reduce the risks associated with conspecific aggression. Also, for the Smoothing Param, The home ranges of the total of five individual Euras, Eagle Owl, including four individuals and one individual, which was released after being recaptured, w, individual which had the broadest home range w, ). This paper introduces two computational electromagnetic (EM) modeling tools to simulate the photovoltaics with Silicon nanowire array and compares the results from them.