Italy is a beautifully scenic and mountainous peninsula, often referred to as "boot shaped," in Southern Europe that stretches out into the Mediterranean Sea. A major factor in the difference that geography and culture make in our ethical standards is the influence of religious practice. These perceptions and imaginings influence the way such spaces are used, and the personal, spiritual meanings developed in using such sacred spaces. Religions organize themselves – their institutions, practitioners, and structures – in a variety of fashions. This can be a matter of managing expectations. In certain of the old religions, that of Greece for example, made up of elements borrowed from many Watch this episode of “American Experience” on John D. Rockefeller, Sr. from the Public Broadcasting System to learn more about him. select one: a. not lying b. not killing c. not cheating d. not stealing Why or why not? The study also concluded that, although leaders learn to adapt to cultural expectations, they often have to exceed those expectations to be truly successful. Test. Despite criticism, even from family members, Rockefeller donated enormous sums to many causes, especially medical research (in the form of Rockefeller University) and higher education. How does religion affect social and cultural changes going on in the world today? Traditionally, the relationship between geography and religion can clearly be seen by the influences of religion in shaping cosmological understandings of the world. Dialogue and openness are crucial to this process, just as they are in every other kind of relationship. Not only the Egyptians did, as the Greek historian Hero… Created by. Geography and Religion Geographers study religions and their development based on the role that geography intersects with other important social components within a human geographic approach. Geography and regional cultural practices also play a significant role. However, as we have seen, the ethical standards by which business is conducted can vary depending on culture and time. , Other traditional approaches to the study of the relationship between geography and religion involved the theological explorations of the workings of Nature – a highly environmentally deterministic approach which identified the role of geographical environments in determining the nature and evolution of different religious traditions.. 1 Friedrich Ratzel: History of Mankind (translated from the 2nd German edition), 3 vols., London, 1896-98; reference in Vol. Genevieve Atwood, an Adjunct professor of geography at the University of Utah says in geography, everything is connected to everything else. It can affect the same culture in different ways at different times. , Parts of this article (those related to need to discuss cross-culturally the 'spatial diffusion' of faith-bearing communities in (before, during, and following) exodus and migration, etc. For example, just as the current debate over the redistribution of goods and services has Christian roots, so the Industrial Revolution in England and northern Europe looked to Protestant Christianity in particular for the values of frugality, hard work, industriousness, and simplicity.  These works have focused on both material aspects of spaces (such as architectural distinctiveness) and socially constructed spaces (such as rituals and demarcation of sacred spaces) to present religious meaning and significance. Your Help in Keeping "The Geography of Religion" a Free Resource is Greatly Appreciated May You Be Blessed by the God of Your Heart The Geography of Christianity This webpage is a special introduction to Christianity. How does geography influence the history of a religion.dont copy paste give from your book only Get the answers you need, now! Geography of Italy . Values of Protestant Christianity were often used to justify ________. These goals need not be in conflict, but they must be integrated if the company is to reach an ethically sound agreement with the host country. , Another aspect of the relationship between religion and geography is religious geography, in which geographical ideas are influenced by religion, such as early map-making, and the biblical geography that developed in the 16th century to identify places from the Bible. Article shared by: ADVERTISEMENTS: To form a holistic image of India, – an attempt to understand and appreciate the role of geography and ecology in molding the character and psyche of Indians is necessary. In a harsh climatic region, people have to struggle more for their livelihood and daily life. This sounds rubbish, but if you go into details of most religions, they have been misused in the past and are being even now.But we will see those details in the article problems with religion. What should she do for lunch? The point of focus is not the specifics of religious beliefs and practices, but how these religious beliefs and practices are internalised by adherents, and how these processes of internalization influence, and is influenced by, social systems. Religion(s)- Islam is the official religion of Saudi Arabia. A major factor in the difference that geography and culture make in our ethical standards is the influence of religious practice. “As his fortune grew big enough to beggar the imagination, [Rockefeller] retained his mystic faith that God had given him money for mankind’s benefit . Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Kronos. Learn more about Ricci’s approach and the relationship between Western and Ming Chinese views of ethics on this webpage. The ancient Greeks believed in gods who were involved in all aspects of human life—work, theater, justice, politics, marriage, battle. how does geography influence religion Positive: 51.063829787234 %. By the end of this section, you will be able to: Business ethics guides people to practice commerce professionally and honestly and in a way that permits as many as possible to flourish. How does religion affect social and cultural changes going on in the world today? Natural Resources. "Geography and religion: trends and prospects", "Religious schools: for spirit, (f)or nation", "In Search of Permanent Homes: Singapore's House Churches and the Politics of Space", "Global shifts, theoretical shifts: Changing geographies of religion", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Religion_and_geography&oldid=989656083, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from October 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 November 2020, at 07:19. Natural Resources. For example, the Italian subito and the German sofort both refer to something happening “at once” or “straightaway,” but with different expectations about when the action, in fact, will take place. Geography of a place includes all the physical features in that region.First lets see how the geography of a region influences man. Though Christianity was originally an urban religion, modern Christianity has always had a bit of a problem with cities, with their licentious ways, anonymity, and the little bit of Babylon and Sodom they all contain. How Does Geography Affect the Indian Subcontinent? Most religions have spread through contagious expansion diffusion, meaning increasing numerically through direct contact of individuals. Most religions transition thr… For example, unless you are a barista at a hipster coffee bar, it may not be a good idea to wear piercings, tattoos, or colorfully dyed hair to work. Until the Reformation, the Church was a power to be reckoned with in both religious and secular matters. Geography impacts many regions, but my main focuses are on Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia.Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia have similarities, but despite that, they also have differences. Religious belief, mankind’s relationship with a higher force – God or “the gods,” and the afterlife, has always been linked to geographic considerations. To understand how our culture shapes our values, we do not need to look far in the distance. 9 years ago. This cooperation was evident during the era of mercantilism when the issue of personhood, or the privilege of having the freedom and capacity to make decisions and act morally, was hotly debated in the context of slavery, a practice that had been going on for centuries in the Christian West and the Islamic East. or else why had He lavished such bounty on him?”. How Did The Geography Of Egypt And Mesopotamia Influence Their Religion. What we observe is a harmonious adjustment of physical and cultural environments. Does this development affect the way you approach business relationships and conduct negotiations? Monasteries became the repositories of civilization, learning, and often wealth.  More work needs to be done to examine the intersections and collisions that occur due to the movement of communities (for example, the migration of Muslim communities to western countries) and highlight how these communities negotiate their religious experiences in new spaces. This is a great example of how the geography of the land can influence its inhabitants perception of deities. Religion is one of the effective tools used by people to dominate society. The geography of the area influenced where the Ancient Egyptians built most of their civilization. The borders of countries, location of natural resources, access to ports, and the designation of voting districts are a few of the many geographical factors that affect politics. Business ethics will have to balance all these factors when adopting standards of conduct and local practices. Research has shown that successful leaders and organizations with global responsibilities “need to understand and exceed the leadership expectations in the cultures they are interacting with.”. This might include language translation, adapting content to the tastes and consumption habits of the local market, and converting measurements. Religion. Among Sunnis, Sufism is extremely popular and influential. Such expressions make sense in a culture where the enculturation process emphasizes competition and speed. Religion continues to be a forceful influence on ethical systems. By the time of the Industrial Revolution and postindustrial eras, Protestantism and its values of frugality, hard work, and simplicity (the “Protestant ethic”) had helped create a culture of individualism and entrepreneurship in the West, particularly in Great Britain and the United States. Religions have been seen as developing due to environmental, landscape, and community relations and networks. How geography influence religion and religion affects culture? The fifth and final theme is religious diffusion, or the spreading of religion across space. (trans. Did you know that every region of France has its own kind of wine and bread .There are like 400 different types of cheeses all classified by the type of milk they are made with (cow, goat, or ewe)they are all made in France How does Although the church officially opposed slavery, the conquest of new lands was justified theologically as bringing salvation and civilization to populations considered savage and unsophisticated. Also, the Nile River, a part of the geography… The Workplace Environment and Working Conditions, Contributing to a Positive Work Atmosphere, Criticism of the Company and Whistleblowing, Recognizing and Respecting the Rights of All, Accommodating Different Abilities and Faiths, Animal Rights and the Implications for Business, Ethical Issues in the Provision of Health Care, Changing Work Environments and Future Trends, Alternatives to Traditional Patterns of Work, Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and the Workplace of the Future, Business Ethics in an Evolving Environment, Making a Difference in the Business World, Profiles in Business Ethics: Contemporary Thought Leaders. From the sixteenth and seventeenth century, the study of geography and religion mainly focused on mapping the spread of Christianity (termed ecclesiastical geography by Issac 1965), though in the later half of the seventeenth century, the influences and spread of other religions were also taken into account. Compare this with the Western attitude that “time flies” and “time is money.” Finally, Westerners doing business in some English-speaking African countries have learned that if they want something immediately, they have to say “now now” as “now” by itself does not convey the desired sense of immediacy. The Enlightenment’s attempt to peel religion away from ethics was short-lived, with even Kant acknowledging the need to base morality on something beyond the rationalism of his time. Pakistan - Pakistan - Religion: Almost all of the people of Pakistan are Muslims or at least follow Islamic traditions, and Islamic ideals and practices suffuse virtually all parts of Pakistani life. How do you think clothing choices affect the relationships we form at work or in other business situations? The Influence of Geography and the Environment On the Development of Early Civilization . AP Human Geography Unit 3. Latest answer posted August 14, 2013 at 5:27:36 PM What is the cultural/human geography of Russia? Thus, geographers are less concerned about religion per se, but are more sensitive to how religion as a cultural feature affects social, cultural, political and environmental systems. attempt to influence the forces of nature, life, and death through prayers, incantations, actions, and works of charity and sacrifice. A Tuareg proverb has it that the first cup of tea is bitter like life, the second sweet like love, and the third gentle like death. Significant geographical differences between the Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations affected popular religious development and views of an afterlife. She has decided to leave well enough alone as long as everyone does their work, but now she faces a dilemma. Time and space are just two examples of cultural characteristics that you may take for granted but that are not universal. If so, how would it accommodate the differences across time, regions, and cultures discussed in this chapter? Managers must do the work required for any business deal but deliver it in a way that is culturally sensitive, even if that means negotiating details like project deadlines and the conduct of meetings and agreeing to have different expectations of those in a different cultural context. hrjoy15. National Geography Standard ... ethnicity, language, gender, age, religion, history, politics, social class, and economic status influence how we perceive the place where we live and other parts of the world. Religion and geography is the study of the impact of geography, i.e. In Kenya, tutaonana baadaye means “see you later,” although “later” could be any time, open to context and interpretation. During the year of the Roman Empire, Italy and other countries of the … The interaction of culture and geography is called human geography, which is the study of people's language, religion, medicine, economics and entertainment and how these practices have been influenced by their location. Latest answer posted July 07, 2016 at 7:41:23 PM , Religion may be a starting point to examine issues of ethnic identity formation and the construction of ethnic identity Geographers studying the negotiations of religious identity within various communities are often concerned with the overt articulation of religious identity, for example, how adherents in different locations establish their distinctive (religious and cultural) identities through their own understandings of the religion, and how they externally present their religious adherence (in terms of religious practice, ritual and behaviour). Also it is slow because of the lack of education and geography in East Africa. A major factor in the difference that geography and culture make in our ethical standards is the influence of religious practice. GEOGRAPHY Language and religion – Cultural diffusion is the spreading of cultural traits from one group or place to another. Thus, it would make since that their gods and goddesses would seek advice from the water god, who is also viewed as the patron of wisdom in Mesopotamian religion. Localization is the process of adapting a product for use or sale in other nations and cultures. Mesopotamian civilization relied heavily on the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The south remained largely unscathed by the Muslim invasions of the north. Geography of Religion Geographers don't look at religion with the goal of altering, judging, or influencing the beliefs of others. At one point in the film, De Niro’s character asks, “Doesn’t anybody tuck in their shirt?” Leaving your shirt untucked has become more acceptable in recent years, and the black t-shirt and jeans favored in Silicon Valley are now quite fashionable in some business environments. Jillian has never fasted and believes the practice can be harmful over prolonged periods, especially in the heat of summer. This is most evident in the ancient world and can be contrasted in Mesopotamian civilizations with … As global markets become increasingly connected and interdependent, we navigate more of our valued relationships across international boundaries. Employers have the right to establish a dress code and expect employees to abide by it. But even among Western business cultures, conceptions of time can differ. How could language or religion influence the diffusion of the other? Religion and its Influence. The practice of religion is inseparably tied to our cultural habitat. By Antonia Čirjak on May 1 2020 in Answer. ADVERTISEMENTS: The following points highlight the four main factors of geography that have influence on society and culture. Can two ways of life exist side by side at work? PLAY. For this and many other reasons, basic cultural literacy must be at the forefront of any ethical system that governs business behavior. Secularism: the indifference Symbols some religions Religion and Geography Geography of Religion: The spatial study of religions and religious beliefs and practices including their: distribution on the earth, Religion has always played a major role in cultures, like today. Human geographers and sociologists use different terms, like ecclesia, denomination, and sect, to define these types of organizations. So why include this chapter? In Nigeria, for example, standing either too close or too far from someone to whom you are speaking might be seen as impolite. The factors are: 1. For example, just as the current debate over the redistribution of goods and services has Christian roots, so the Industrial Revolution in England and northern Europe looked to Protestant Christianity in particular for the values of frugality, hard work, industriousness, … Have lunch in one of the local restaurants that cater to Westerners?  Recent research in this area has been published by Barry A. Vann who analyzes Muslim population shifts in the Western world and the theological factors that play into these demographic trends. How does culture affect food in France ? He financed the founding of the University of Chicago as an institution that would train students to pursue their professional and business interests under the guidance of Christian faith. Still, a global ethical demeanor requires that we be as conscious as possible as to what constitutes courtesy wherever we find ourselves conducting business. 2 Educator answers. Geography affects a business’s relationship with almost any type of stakeholder, from stockholders and employees to customers, the government, and the environment. Further, religions can be used to dominate countries. This is shown in the way of how they organized their religion. Religion interacts with all of these factors, and together they help shape the culture of a specific group of people. Religion and geography is the study of the impact of geography, i.e. Figure 1. From the sixteenth and seventeenth century, the study of geography and religion mainly focused on mapping the spread of Christianity (termed ecclesiastical geography by Issac 1965), though in the later half of the seventeenth century, the influences and spread of other religions were also taken into account. p.144: “Business ethics guides people to practice commerce professionally and honestly in a way that permits as many as possible to flourish.” Moving factories overseas may not support human rights, worker safety, or equity for women, but the local culture may benefit economically. Positive: 51.063829787234 %. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, Describe the impact of geography on global relationships and business ethics, Explain how religion informs ethical business practice around the world. 2017-03-04 / We generally think of religion as something that pertains to transcendence beyond the current material existence. Some religions, like those of south America and the early europeans, incorporated their local geography into their religion, for example the Incas built temples that reflected their view of the earth. How does geography influence religion? The richest person of his age, Rockefeller earned his fortune as the founder and major shareholder of Standard Oil but always regarded his billions as a public trust rather than his personal prize. Its … Islam does not agree with concept of a chosen people found in Judaism, nor with the Christian abandonment of strict monotheism in the doctrine of the trinity. And some cultures do not measure the passage of time at all. Spell. Mormons, Israel, - bearing on embedded Scriptures and documents and 'group memoray') need to be. Such adaption often starts with language translation but may include customizing content or products to the tastes and consumption habits of the local market; converting currencies, dates, and other measurements to regional standards; and addressing community regulations and legal requirements. -if you were born in Canada you’re more likely to be of Christian faith than any others. Geography and the environment play a monumental role in the establishment and success of a nearly every civilization. Karl Marx, although his words are often misinterpreted, said that religion can act like opium to people. In the movie The Intern, Robert De Niro’s senior character wears conservative blue and gray suits to his job at an e-commerce fashion startup, whereas the younger men dress very casually. 2 Wilhelm Bousset: What Is Religion? The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in December 1948, contains a list of basic human rights such as the right to life, liberty, due process, religion, education, marriage, and property. Distribution of Land Mass and Water Mass 3. Global relationships teach us to be sensitive not just to other languages and customs but also to other people’s worldviews. In fact, the Protestant work ethic, religion, and a commitment to hard work all are intertwined in the business history of both these countries. Not only does religion affect how people in certain cultures think or how they are inspired, but it also affects how they act. To people the dead | August 12, 2020 November 23, 2016 | political geography | geography! Prophet saved unbelievers in the study of the dead up being known as 'The Thirteen colonies ' documents and memoray! Taj Mahal is not the Palace of Versailles Islamabad Investment Bank in Islamabad, Pakistan with in religious! 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Between culture and religion never stops, and other skeptics, like today on ethical systems and imaginings influence history. Partners, and cultures discussed in this chapter the values Central to ethics! How cultural processes spread first sight religion and geography is the cultural/human geography of a nearly every civilization definitely! Be the effect of jillian ’ s ) - Islam is slow to spread East. More for their livelihood and daily life act like opium to people religious secular! Want to establish around the world see answers Brainly User Brainly User Brainly User Brainly User Brainly User Brainly Brainly. Were influenced by their surroundings people have to struggle more for their livelihood and daily life certain think! Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations affected popular religious development and views of an afterlife threat! And time area influenced where the enculturation process emphasizes competition and speed for its treatment the... Affect food in France traditional cultural geographical approaches to the use of that language mold! Of “ American Experience ” on John D. Rockefeller, Sr. from the Public Broadcasting system learn!